In the history of mankind no book had such a radical and definite influence upon the development of the world, or a global spreading and acceptance as it is with the Bible.
The Holy Bible (Old and New Testament) is the most widespread book in the world for it has been translated in more than 2.300 languages and dialects as a whole or segmentally; and from the invention of printing till this day it has been the number one best seller and continues its victorious marching through time. For the devout Christians, the Scriptures are “the oracles (Word) of God’’ (Rom. 3:2) and their accounts are more than real and credible. But during the era of the French “Enlightenment” (17th/18th cent.) the medieval man “awoke” after 12 centuries of dark bondages that had been forged by the diptych yoke of clergy and monarchy. With nerve the Justinian Code (law XVI) of the 6th cent., -the time that actually the Dark Ages were beginning- stated that “…The clergy and the empire are the greatest gifts, which God in his infinite mercy, has given to the believers …”
But the apostate clergy of the holy inquisition closed the way that Jesus had opened to the Father and the empire was presenting every arrogant and frantic oppressor as an elect “by the grace of God”… So the children of the Enlightenment began to question and to controvert everything. Then many ‘intellectuals’ and ‘scientists’ considered the Biblical accounts to be “pious myths” and therefore their content, instructions and warnings should not trouble anybody. All of these were products of past days, fabrications of fear, illiteracy and superstitions…
The archaeological (from the synthetically Greek: λόγος περί των αρχαίων) pickaxe fell as a catapult upon all those that with a characteristic arrogance spoke ironically about every ancient source. Even the epic of Iliad by Homer was not just a fancy fable, but as Heinrich Schliemann proved in Troy, had a historical basis. How many awesome things relevant to the Biblical accounts the archaeological pickaxe would bring to light in the future?
The names of two tribes of Israel were found in the Tell El-Amarna tablets, which are speaking of the invasion of HaBiRou (HeBRews?) in Canaan. –Merneptah’s Stele (1234 BC), made of black syenite, is the first extrabiblical source that mentions the word “Israel” in the middle of its penultimate line: “…Plundered is the Canaan with every evil; [Carried off is Ashkelon; seized upon is Gezer; Yanoam is made as that which does not exist;] Israel is laid waste, his seed is not;…” -The Moabite Stone, referred to “Omri (Amri) King of Israel”, the Sennacherib Prism described the Assyrian invasion of Israel, Nabonidus Chronicle talked about Babylon’s seizure by the prophesied from Isaiah Cyrus. – One hundred years later in 1950’s the reports of the French archaeologists A. Parrot and C. Schaeffer, confirmed the existence of many names of the Bible of Abraham’s patriarchal time among the archives that were found in Mari and Ugarit. –Ur and Sargon that nobody had ever heard outside the Bible revived with all their splendour, the Tower of Babel was restored, the Great Flood was detected, the daily ration of the exiled king Jehoiakhin in Babylon was discovered with every detail, in Megiddo the mountain fortress of David was found, and Pithom and Ramesses were excavated … At last the stones, as Christ had said “began to cry out” (Luke 19:40)
The same time a word that for many seemed unbelievable went off as a bomb. In a cave near the Dead Sea, in the area of Qumran, a pre-Christian Isaiah papyrus was found in a perfect condition along with copies of almost all the Old Testament’s books…
As the archeologist, who excavated the tomb of the father of Alexander the Great, Philipp II, stated: